Developmental Trauma Disorder is not included in the DSM-IV but has been proposed for DSM-V (due out in 2013). Developmental Trauma Disorder incorporates and inter-weaves threads from Reactive Attachment Disorder, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, ADHD, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, and provides a comprehensive lens through which to view the behaviors of children who have experienced trauma during their early lives.
|Risk Factors:||Multiple or chronic experienc of or exposure to traumatic events such as abandonment, abuse, neglect, or violence during the early years. Changes of primary caregiver in the early years.|
|Symptoms:||Affective and Physiological Dysregulation
Attentional and Behavioral Dysregulation
Self and Relational Dysregulation
Lack of empathy
For additional symptoms, see the Proposal link above.
|Disorders with Similar Symptoms||Reactive Attachment Disorder
Sensory Processing Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
|Therapies to Consider||It may be best to consider a multi-faceted approach, including some or all of the following, depending on the symptoms and behaviors: Attachment Therapies, Beyond Consequences (Heather Forbes) – Regulatory Centered Parenting (Bryan Post), Sensorimotor Psychotherapy|
|Support Organizations||National Child Trauma Stress Network|
|Web Sites:||Proposal to Include Developmental Trauma Disorder in DSM-V|
|Trauma Center at JRI (Dr. Bessel Van der Kolk)|